Seafood for Diabetics: A Healthy Choice for Managing Diabetes

A healthy diet is crucial for everyone, especially for those living with diabetes. When it comes to managing diabetes and reducing the risk of heart diseases, health experts recommend incorporating fish and seafood into your meals. In fact, consuming fish just once a week can decrease your chances of developing heart problems by as much as 40 percent.

Fish, particularly fatty fish, contains essential fatty acids that can help reduce insulin resistance and inflammation in the body. These two factors play a significant role in the development of coronary diseases. Furthermore, certain vegetable oils, plant oils, and cold-water fish are rich in omega-3 fats, which are known to lower triglycerides and promote heart health.

Now, let’s delve deeper into the topic of seafood and diabetes.

What is Diabetes?

Diabetes is a chronic condition that occurs when your body either doesn’t produce enough insulin or cannot effectively use the insulin it produces. Insulin is a hormone that regulates blood sugar levels in your body.

Types of Diabetes

Type 1 Diabetes

Type 1 diabetes can develop at any age, but it is more common in children and young adults. With this type of diabetes, your body doesn’t produce enough insulin, requiring you to take daily insulin injections to maintain healthy blood glucose levels.

Type 2 Diabetes

Type 2 diabetes affects approximately 90% of diabetics and is more prevalent in adults. In this condition, your body doesn’t use insulin effectively. Managing type 2 diabetes involves adopting a healthy lifestyle, engaging in regular physical activity, maintaining a balanced diet, and sometimes taking medication.

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Gestational Diabetes (GDM)

Gestational diabetes refers to high blood glucose levels that occur during pregnancy. While it typically disappears after childbirth, it can increase the risk of developing type 2 diabetes for both the mother and baby later in life.

With this background information, let’s address the main question: Can diabetics eat seafood?

The answer is a resounding yes! Seafood, including fish and shellfish, is an excellent source of protein that can help stabilize blood glucose levels in diabetics. This protein slows down carbohydrate absorption, minimizing glucose spikes.

Here are some seafood options that are beneficial for managing diabetes naturally:

Seafood for Diabetics


While some people may be wary of shrimp due to its cholesterol content, it can still be a part of a diabetes-friendly diet. Ginger-shrimp skewers, for example, are a delicious and healthy option that is low in calories. Shrimp is rich in protein, which helps stabilize blood sugar levels and promotes a feeling of fullness.


Salmon is a top-notch source of omega-3 fatty acids, which reduce inflammation in the body and help manage cholesterol levels. These fatty acids also aid in blood glucose regulation and improve the body’s response to insulin. Salmon can be prepared in various ways, such as broiling or baking.

Shellfish like Crab and Lobster

Including shellfish like crabs and lobsters in your diet is beneficial for diabetic patients. Although extracting the meat from their shells might be a bit of a challenge, the effort is worthwhile. Shellfish can help reduce the risk of diabetes, obesity, heart disease, and promote healthy cholesterol levels. Crabs, in particular, are a good source of chromium, which aids in sugar metabolism and lowers high blood glucose levels. Lobsters, on the other hand, are rich in omega-3 fatty acids, making them an excellent choice for type 2 diabetics.

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Herring is a great addition to a diabetic’s diet as it contains vitamin D, which strengthens both teeth and bones. It is also rich in EPA and DHA, omega-3 fatty acids that help prevent heart disease and maintain optimal brain function. Additionally, herring possesses anti-inflammatory properties, making it a fantastic natural food for reducing inflammation in the body.


Tuna is a low-calorie fish that provides an abundant supply of protein, omega-3 fatty acids, and vitamin D, along with other essential micronutrients. Diabetic patients often struggle with high blood cholesterol levels, and tuna can help alleviate this issue. Its minimal carbohydrate and saturated fat content make it a heart-healthy choice that won’t raise blood sugar levels. Enjoy tuna in sandwiches using whole-grain bread to avoid excessive carbohydrates.


Tilapia is a low-fat, high-protein fish that is widely available. It contains no carbohydrates and is rich in fiber, which can help reduce arterial hypertension. Tilapia also contains essential nutrients such as vitamin C, vitamin E, and selenium, which contribute to maintaining normal blood glucose levels.


Mackerel, found in both the Pacific and Atlantic Oceans, is a fatty fish packed with omega-3 fatty acids, iron, selenium, and niacin. These fatty acids reduce the risk of artery-clogging and LDL cholesterol while increasing levels of HDL (good) cholesterol. However, it’s crucial to avoid king mackerel due to its high mercury levels. Opt for mackerel from the Atlantic Ocean, which has lower mercury content.


Codfish is not only low in calories but also contains other essential nutrients that benefit overall health, including diabetes management. Cod is rich in blood-thinning omega-3 fatty acids and vitamins B6 and B12, which are vital for maintaining blood vessel health and preventing heart disease. Incorporating cod into your diet can help ward off heart diseases, particularly in diabetic patients.

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Sardines, readily available in canned form, are an excellent choice for diabetics. They are rich in omega-3 fatty acids, proteins, vitamin D, and calcium, which all contribute to a healthy heart and help control diabetes. Opt for low-sodium varieties and consider grilling them for a tasty meal.


Trout is another fish high in omega-3 fatty acids and low in carbohydrates, making it an ideal choice for diabetics. This fish also provides protein, vitamin D, and other essential nutrients. The omega-3 fatty acids in trout promote heart health by reducing inflammation and preventing fat deposits in the arteries.

In conclusion, seafood offers numerous benefits for individuals managing diabetes, as long as it’s consumed in appropriate quantities and chosen according to the specific type of diabetes. Incorporating seafood into your diet can help control blood glucose levels, reduce the risk of cardiovascular diseases, and provide essential proteins. Seafood is an excellent source of energy, nutrients, vitamins, and acids that contribute to overall health, not just for diabetics.

To learn more about seafood options and discover delicious recipes, visit Hook’d Up Bar and Grill, your ultimate destination for a satisfying seafood experience.